Country List of Africa

  • Kenya

    27th of October 2023 05:57:55 AM

    Brief History In 2000 BC, Cushitic-speaking people from North Africa settled in the area that is now called Kenya. In the first century AD, Persian, and Arab traders began to visit and settle along the coast. The Portuguese were the first Europeans to arrive in Kenya in 1498. The British…

  • Guinea-Bissau

    29th of June 2023 10:19:20 AM

    Brief History Guinea-Bissau has been inhabited for thousands of years, but much of its early history is undocumented. The first people in this area were hunters and gatherers, and later agriculturalists. The region that is now Guinea-Bissau used to be a part of the Kaabu Empire. In the 1400s, Portuguese…

  • Guinea

    29th of June 2023 09:44:24 AM

    Brief History Like many African countries, Guinea was passed back and forth between a number of different empires prior to a recent period of independence. Long before the arrival of Europeans, the area that is now Guinea lay on the borders of the Ghana Empire. During this period, Islam expanded…

  • Ghana

    28th of June 2023 10:43:21 AM

    Brief History The Empire of Ghana was formed in 300AD. The Ghanaian Empire included what we now know as Senegal, Mauritania, and Mali. The ruler of this empire was called the ‘Ghana,’ which means ‘Warrior King’ in the Soninke language. In the late 1400s, Portuguese settlers arrived in Ghana. They…

  • The Democratic Republic of the Congo

    29th of September 2022 09:41:01 AM

    Brief History The Democratic Republic of the Congo is the second-largest country on the African continent and has more than 200 different ethnic groups. The area was inhabited by native people for thousands of years, and human remains have been found that dated to 90,000 years ago. These early people…

  • The Gambia

    29th of September 2022 07:58:30 AM

    Brief History Not much is known about early Gambian history. The first written records of The Gambia came from Carthaginian travelers in the 9th and 10th centuries. The area that is now The Gambia was once a part of the Mali and Kabuu Empires. In 1588, trading rights were sold…

  • Gabon

    29th of September 2022 07:28:29 AM

    Brief History Pygmies were the earliest humans in Gabon, and their existence can be dated back to 7000 BC. During the 13th century, Bantu tribes entered the area. The first European exploration of Gabon was during the 15th century, when Portuguese explorers came to the area. The Dutch arrived in…

  • Ethiopia

    29th of September 2022 05:52:01 AM

    Brief History Ethiopia is one of the oldest independent nations in Africa. It has been inhabited for many thousands of years. The D’mt kingdom rose to power in Ethiopia during 10 BC. Then in the first century AD, the Aksumite kingdom rose to power, and their capital, called Askum, became…

  • Eswatini

    29th of September 2022 05:21:12 AM

    Brief History Humans have inhabited what is now Eswatini (formerly known as Swaziland) for a very long time. Artifacts dating back to the early Stone Age have been discovered in the area. The present people of Eswatini originally migrated south to Mozambique before the 16th century. Due to conflicts with…

  • Eritrea

    28th of September 2022 12:54:59 PM

    Brief History Humans have inhabited Eritrea for thousands of years. The Kunama and Nara people lived in what is now Eritrea at about 3500 BC. During 2000 BC, the Beja people came to Eritrea from southern Egypt. Eritrea borders the Red Sea and has been ruled by various powers throughout…

  • Equatorial Guinea

    28th of September 2022 12:42:05 PM

    Brief History The area that is now called Equatorial Guinea was first inhabited by pygmies and other local tribes. The Fang and Bubi people migrated to the area during the 17th century. During the European colonization period, Spain took over land that included the area of Equatorial Guinea. Britain gained…

  • Egypt

    28th of September 2022 12:05:40 PM

    Brief History Egypt has a long and important history. Ancient Egypt was one of the most powerful and influential civilizations in North Africa. Early inhabitants of Egypt were farmers who also wove linen and made pottery. Evidence of phonetic writing in Egypt dates back to about 3250 BC. Throughout Ancient…

  • Djibouti

    28th of September 2022 10:21:11 AM

    Brief History In the 3rd century B.C., Arabians migrated to what is now Djibouti. Their descendants are the Afars, which are Djibouti’s natives today. The Somali Issas came to the country soon after. Islam was introduced to the country in 825, now it is the nation’s predominant religion. In 1843,…

  • Congo

    1st of December 2021 08:48:38 PM

    The Republic of Congo (Congo-Brazzaville) was first inhabited by Pygmies, whose culture was eventually replaced by Bantu tribes. The main tribe was a group called the Kongo, who established several kingdoms along the Congo River. Portuguese explorers were the first Europeans to arrive in Congo. Unfortunately, the Portuguese began to…

  • Comoros

    30th of August 2021 08:43:49 PM

    Comoros is a group of islands off the east coast of Africa. These islands are believed to be the first place of contact between Asian and African people. The islands were inhabited by a variety of people over centuries and were first discovered by Europeans in 1505. The Portuguese were…

  • Chad

    2nd of June 2021 10:03:02 PM

    The history of Chad is long and complex. The area that is now Chad is believed to be one of the places from where the human species originated; and it has been settled from as long as 6000 B.C. The earliest known civilization in Chad was a group called the…

  • Central African Republic

    1st of June 2021 10:25:32 PM

    Brief History The first groups of people to live in the area that is now the Central African Republic, or CAR, were nomadic and farmed and fished for a living. The CAR was first settled in the 7th century by a number of empires, including the Baguirmi, the Ouaddai, and…

  • Cameroon

    3rd of February 2021 10:01:45 PM

    Brief History The earliest inhabitants of Cameroon were the Baka, who were hunters and gatherers. Descendants of the Baka people still live in the dense forests of Cameroon’s southern and eastern provinces. The first Europeans to arrive in Cameroon were Portuguese explorers and traders in the 15th century. They arrived…

  • Cape Verde

    3rd of February 2021 12:03:54 AM

    Brief History The recorded history of Cabo Verde began when the Portuguese discovered the country in 1456. The islands were uninhabited, and the Portuguese established their initial settlement on the island of Santiago, which was the first European settlement in the tropics.  They named the country Cabo Verde (Cape Verde).…

  • Burundi

    2nd of January 2021 01:35:45 PM

    Brief History Starting in the 1500s, The Kingdom of Burundi was ruled by a series of kings called the mwami. This leader owned all of the land and would require a tax from local farmers. In 1856, European explorers and missionaries made brief visits to Burundi. In 1899, Germany gained…

  • Burkina Faso

    19th of December 2020 11:55:51 AM

    Brief History Archaeological digs have discovered tools from hunters and gatherers living in Burkina Faso from 14,000 BC to 5,000 BC. The first communities in Burkina Faso were villages, from about 3600 BC and 2600 BC. Then between the 8th and 15th centuries, Burkina Faso was a part of the…

  • Botswana

    5th of July 2020 10:40:03 PM

    Brief History Botswana has been inhabited by humans for a very long time, some think it could have been as early as 200,000 years ago. The San and Khoi people were early inhabitants of the areas of Botswana and South Africa. They were first hunters and gatherers, and later some…

  • Benin

    9th of June 2020 09:07:36 AM

    Brief History The history of Benin can be split into three categories: pre-colonial, colonial, and postcolonial. There isn’t any written history of pre-colonial Benin, but we do know that during the 900s the Edo people settled in the West African rainforests. These people grew a successful kingdom led by a…

  • Algeria

    6th of June 2020 06:44:46 PM

    Brief History Officially called the People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria, the country is the largest on the continent of Africa and is the largest Arab country in the world. Algeria is the 10th largest country in the world, so it’s a very big space. Early remnants of occupation in the what…

  • Angola

    6th of June 2020 10:40:33 AM

    Brief History Officially known as the Republic of Angola, but not always called Angola, and with a difficult history, Angola and its people have changed over a long period of time. Once the Kingdom of Kongo in the 14th century in the northern part of the country, and the Kingdom of…