Chile is a country on the continent of South America

Brief History

The area that is now Chile has been occupied for as many as 10,000 years. Before being discovered by the Europeans, Chile was inhabited by different groups of Tribal Native Americans, including the Inca. By the 16th century, Spanish conquistadors began to colonize Chile. In 1808, Spain was seized by Napoleon, which gave the Chileans a chance to fight for independence. Chile declared independence on September 18, 1810, although they were still theoretically loyal to the King of France at the time. The years that followed were a long war between Chile and Spain called the Reconquista. On February 12, 1818, Chile officially declared independence from Spain. Bernardo O’Higgins was the first leader of independent Chile.

National Flag

In Spanish, The Chilean flag is known as La Estrella Solitaria (The Lone Star). The flag was officially adopted on October 18, 1817. It consists of two equal bands of white and red and a dark blue canton with a large white star in the upper left hand corner.


Chile occupies a long strip of the western seaboard of South America. From north to south, Chile is the longest country in the world. It has a very diverse physical geography, including fertile planes, beaches, deserts, lakes, glaciers, and volcanoes. The Andes Mountains make up the eastern part of the country.


World Land Mass Ranking: 38th

Highest Mountain: Ojos del Salado, 6,893 m (22,615 ft)

Longest River: Loa River, 440 km (270 mi)


Main Languages


Brazil Population: 209.5 million (as of 2018)
Capital City: Brasilia
Capital City Population: 4.6 million (as of 2020)


The climate of Brazil varies from region to region. It is hot and dry in thein the arid interior, and more humid and sticky in the tropical rain-forests. The temperatures in Brazil rarely go below 68 degrees Fahrenheit. Southern Brazil experiences four seasons, but most of Brazil only has two: a dry season and a wet season.

Key People

  • Cuisine

    The Cuisine of Chile is influenced by traditional Spanish cuisine, as well as German, Italian, and French cuisines. Due to its vast coastline, Chile is known for various seafood, including clams, abalones, mussels, salmon, hake, tuna, and sole. Chile’s diverse landscape provides a variety of vegetables and fruits, such as tomatoes, onions, plums, apples, pears, and asparagus. Grapes are also commonly grown in Chile, and it is one of the world’s largest producers of wine.

    The picture is a picture of Paila Marina, a shellfish soup.

  • Sports

    Although Rodeo is the national sport of Chile, the most popular sport is football. Chile is a member of the FIFA and has competed in eight World Cups. Tennis is Chile’s most successful sport, and its national team won the World Team Cup clay tournament in 2003 and 2004. Other popular sports in Chile are baseball, volleyball, cricket, rugby, golf, and fencing.

    The picture is a picture of the national stadium of Chile.

  • Culture

    Approximately half of the Chilean population is of European descent, and half is of Native American descent. The majority of Chileans are Roman Catholic, followed by Protestant. Music, dance, and Fine Arts are all important aspects of Chilean culture. Possibly the most famous Chilean painter is Roberto Matta, who used surrealist and abstract techniques. Literature and poetry are also an integral part of Chilean culture. One of the most important Chilean authors is Isabelle Allenda, and two of the most influential Chilean poets were Nobel prize laureates Pablo Neruda and Gabriela Mistral.


    The picture is a picture of a Chilean Huaso singing.


    Chile is a beautiful country with wonderful people.


    Download questions about the Chile here: Chile (answers are on this page)

    Teachers. For more in depth work sheets on Chile. Click on Kidskonnect Worksheets


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10 facts about Chile

1. Chile is the richest country in South America.


2. Approximately ⅓ of Chile’s population lives in Santiago.


3. Chile is one of the most earthquake-prone countries.


4. There are six UNESCO World Heritage sites in Chile.


5. Chile has around 2,900 volcanoes.


6. Chile is considered the world capital of astronomy.


7. Chile borders three countries: Peru, Bolivia, and Argentina.


8. The national animal of Chile is the Huemul Deer.


9. Chile is home to the tallest building in South America.


10. The world’s largest swimming pool is in Chile.


Q&A Corner

1. Name one of the foods commonly grown in Chile? +
2. What is the longest river in Chile? +
3. Name a popular sport in Chile? +
4. What is the capital city of Chile? +
5. When did Chile gain independence from Spain? +
6. What is the national sport of Chile? +
7. Name a Chilean poet? +
8. Who was the first leader of independent Chile? +
9. What is the tallest mountain in Chile? +
10. What colors make up the Chilean flag? +