Country Posts : Letter H

  • Harun al-Rashid – Caliph of Baghdad, Iraq

    Harun al Rashid was one of the sons of al-Manṣūr (al-Mahdī, the third ʿAbbāsid caliph) and was the fifth caliph of the ʿAbbāsid dynasty (786–809). Ascending the throne as a youth of just twenty-two in the year 786, after al-Hādī (Harun al Rashid’s elder brother and fourth caliph of the…

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  • History of Eswatini till the emergence of Swazi nation

    Early history of Eswatini The Swazi nation is a fairly recent political grouping; the main amalgamation of clans happened under Dlamini military hegemony around the middle of the 19th century. Nonetheless, the record of human settlement in what is now Eswatini stretches too far back into prehistory. The earliest stone…

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  • History of Holy See

    It is not right to use the term Holy See interchangeably with the Vatican because as a spiritual authority the Holy See predates both Vatican City and the Vatican Palace; as per the traditions it began in early Christian era with the primacy of St. Peter, who is regarded by…

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  • History of Honduras (from arrival of Spanish to 1838 declaration of absolute independence)

    Early history At the time of arrival of Spanish colonizers, the land of Honduras was occupied by a range of indigenous peoples, the most advanced being the Maya. Gold catalysed the Spanish conquest of the area early in the 16th century. In 1544, Gracias, the Honduran gold-mining town, became the…

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  • History of Bahamas till the arrival of Columbus

    The earliest entry of people in the islands now called The Bahamas was in the first millennium AD. The earliest inhabitants of the islands were the Lucayans (an Arawakan language-speaking Taino people), who arrived between about 500 and 800 AD from other Caribbean islands. Recorded history started when Christopher Columbus…

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  • History of El Salvador till Spanish Conquest in 1528

    El Salvador is located in Central America and presence of humans in El Salvador is as ancient as in Central America. Humans first passed through El Salvador between 10,000 and 12,000 years ago while migrating from North America. The oldest mark of humans in El Salvador are cave paintings in…

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  • History of Argentina

    The population of the region now called Argentina may have totalled 300,000 prior to the arrival of the Europeans. Some of the Indigenous peoples were nomadic hunters and fishers, such as those in the Chaco, the Querandí and Puelche (Guennakin) of the Pampas and the Tehuelche of Patagonia, but others,…

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  • History of Israel

    Early history of Israel Dominant part of what scholars know about ancient history of Israel comes from the Hebrew Bible. According to the text, Israel’s origins hinges back to Abraham, who has got wide acceptance as the father of both Islam (through his son Ishmael) and Judaism (through his son…

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  • History of Fiji till independence (October 10, 1970)

    When Fiji’s very first settlers arrived from the islands of Melanesia at least 3,500 years ago, they brought with them a wide range of food plants, the pig, and a distinct style of pottery known as Lapita ware. That pottery is usually associated with peoples who had well-developed navigation and canoe building skills and were horticulturists. From Fiji…

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  • History of Greece till Roman conquest in 146 BC

    Greece is famous as birthplace of democracy and cradle of western civilization. Today it is a parliamentary democracy but till 1974 it was being ruled by right-wing military dictatorship known as Greek junta or regime of the colonels. It is a developed country just like most other European countries. It…

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  • History of Belgium

    Belgium today is a democracy like most other European countries but it has experienced a roller coaster ride of sorts before getting to the present state, its history has been quite tumultuous. Belgium boasts of a rich prehistory too. Prehistory of Belgium can simply not be studied in isolation as…

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  • History of Antigua and Barbuda

    Antigua and Barbuda is regarded as a three island nation. Three islands of the Caribbean Sea - Antigua, Barbuda and Redonda, make up the nation of Antigua and Barbuda. Columbus landed in Antigua in 1493 AD in the course of his second voyage to West Indies but that doesn’t mean…

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  • History of Iran

    Iran is among the oldest nations in the world, with a long history dating back tens of thousands of years. Archaeological findings from Iran date back to 100000 years (Palaeolithic era). Early cities had come up by 5000 BC and sophisticated agriculture had also started by then. Susa, Iran’s first…

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  • History of Brazil

    Brazil was "discovered" officially in 1500, when Pedro Álvares Cabral commanded fleet, on its way to India, landed in Porto Seguro, between Salvador and Rio de Janeiro. Pedro Álvares Cabral was a Portuguese diplomat and quite surprisingly it is believed that some adventurers from his own country landed in Brazil…

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  • How significant is shaking off recession by Germany?

    Threat of recession in 2023 was lurking and then came the news that Germany is showing signs of shaking off recession. This is not an insignificant development because Germany is the largest economy in Europe. In May 2023 factory orders in Germany rebounded. This is telltale sign that Germany has…

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  • History of Egypt

    Ancient Egypt was the distinguished civilization in the Mediterranean world for almost 3000 years —from its unification around 3100 B.C. to its defeat at the hands of Alexander the Great in 332 B.C. From the splendid Old Kingdom pyramids to the New Kingdom military conquests, Egypt’s splendour has long fascinated…

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  • Hungary

    Brief History Hungary has a rich and complex history dating back to the 9th century. The Magyar tribes, who migrated from the east, established a state in the Carpathian Basin in the late 10th century. Hungary became a kingdom in 1000 AD under the rule of King Stephen I, and…

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  • Honduras

    Brief History The land that is now Honduras was once inhabited by many different indigenous peoples—notably the Maya, whose civilization encompassed most of the Central American bridge between North and South America. The Lenca and Toltec civilizations also left their mark on Honduras, but native power in the region diminished…

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  • Haiti

    Brief History Hati makes up half of the island of Hispaniola, which has been inhabited for about 7000 years, first by native Americans who arrived from Central and South America, and later by people who arrived from Europe and Africa. In 1492, the Italian navigator Christopher Columbus landed in Haiti,…

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  • History of Argentina

    Officially known as Republica Argentina in Spanish, Argentina has a long history, dating way back to the Palaeolithic period, to when there was the first recording of a human presence. By the time the Spanish came to conquer in the early 16th century there was not the native people roaming…

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  • History of Albania

    Officially called the Republic of Albania, the country’s early history dates to over 50,000 years, where traces of villages with people have been found through fossilised bones. In the middle ages, Albania was the part of the Roman Empire. The 12th and 13th centuries there was a takeover of the…

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  • History of Armenia

    Armenia is around 3500 years old, making it one of the oldest countries in the world. The oldest known ancestors of the Armenian people, the Hayasa- Azzy tribes came from the highlands in western Asia. Around 3000 years ago, an Indo-European group called the Armens immigrated to Armenia from the…

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  • History of Costa Rica

    The first indigeneous people living in Costa Rica were hunters and gatherers. In 1502 Christopher Colombus sighted Costa Rica during his last trip to the Americas. The Spanish gradually conquered the area, and in 1563 the city of Cartago become the first permanent settlement .It is known for it’s long…

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  • Hoggar Mountains

    A very large country in North West Africa, Algeria is the largest country on the continent of Africa. Largely flat desert in the south west of central area of the country. The Atlas Mountains are to the north, with the Hoggar Mountains to the south. Algeria is a land of…

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  • Historically

    Evidence of human life in the area that is now Belarus, goes back to the Stone Age. Historically we know that the Eastern Slavs from the Krivichi, Dregovichi, and Radimichi tribes arrived there from the 6th to the 8th centuries. Know more here

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