Governance system in Belarus

The Belarusian Government (Council of Ministers) is made up of the Prime Minister, his deputies and ministers. The Government of the Republic of Belarus is accountable to the President and its powers are determined by the Constitution. Under the Constitution, judicial power belongs to the court system. The Parliament known as the National Assembly acts as the representative and legislative body.

The President of the Republic of Belarus

The President is the nation’s head of state, the guarantor of the Constitution, the rights and liberties of man and citizen. His authority is established and defined by the Presidential Act of the Republic of Belarusandthe Belarus Constitution. The present president of Belarus is Aleksandr Lukashenko. He was elected to the post in 1994 and is serving his sixth term. The Belarusian President is directly elected by the people for a 5-year term of office.

The Belarus Parliament

The Parliament of Belarus is called the National Assembly. It acts as the legislative and representative body of the Republic of Belarus. The Belarus Parliament has 2 chambers:

  • the House of Representatives
  • the Council of the Republic

Extraordinary sessions can be called by a presidential decree, otherwise, the House meets for 2 regular sessions every year. Parliament serves a 4-year term.

The Government in Belarus

The Belarusian Government (Council of Ministers) is made up of the Prime Minister, his deputies and ministers. The Government is accountable to the President and answerable to the Parliament. The Prime Minister is suggested by the President and approved by the Parliament. Powers of the government are determined by the Constitution. Belarus’ Council of Ministers is in charge of the work of public agencies and ministerial bodies.

The court system in Belarus

Under the Constitution of the Republic judicial power in the country belongs to the court system.

The court system is represented by:

  • the Constitutional Court
  • universal jurisdiction courts

No court proceedings can digress from the established system. Under any circumstancesemergency courts cannot be set up.

Universal courts in Belarus

Civil, criminal, economic and administrative casesas well as cases involving military personnel are dealt with by the universal courts. Belarus’ universal courts include:

  • the Supreme Court
  • oblast courts
  • Minsk city court
  • town courts
  • economic courts for Minsk and for oblasts

Constitutional Court of Belarus

The main objective of the Belarus Constitutional Court is to make sure that new legislation and statutes are drawn up in strictly in accordance with the Constitution. The Constitutional Court is made up of 12 high-level legal experts. They must be:

  • qualified to degree level
  • under 70 years old

Six of the judges are appointees of the President of Belarus and the other six are elected by the Council of the Republic. The Presiding Judge of the Court is direct appointee of the President of Belarus and is appointed with approval of the Council of the Republic. The term of office for a judge of the Constitutional Court is 11 years.

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