Brief History

Guinea-Bissau has been inhabited for thousands of years, but much of its early history is undocumented. The first people in this area were hunters and gatherers, and later agriculturalists. The region that is now Guinea-Bissau used to be a part of the Kaabu Empire. In the 1400s, Portuguese explorers and traders were the first Europeans to arrive in Guinea-Bissau. The Portuguese settled in the area and set up a slave trade. By 1915, Portugal had total control of Guinea-Bissau. In 1974, Guinea-Bissau gained full independence from Portugal. Since then, Guinea-Bissau has suffered from civil wars, military coups, and civil unrest.

National Flag

The national flag of Guinea-Bissau was adopted in 1972 when the country gained independence from Portugal. At the hoist, there is a vertical stripe of red and a black star. The rest of the flag is made up of two horizontal stripes of yellow and green.


Guinea-Bissau is located in western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, Guinea, and Senegal. It is a flat country with low coastal plains, swamps, and mangroves. There are over 90 islands off the coast of Guinea-Bissau, collectively called the Bissagos islands.

World Land Mass Ranking: 138th

Highest Mountain: Monte Torin, 262 m (860 ft)

Longest River: Rio Corubal 560 km (350 mi)

Main Languages


Guinea-Bissau Population: 2.1 million (as of 2022)


Capital City: Bissau


Capital City Population: 643,000 (as of 2022)


Guinea-Bissau has a very warm, tropical climate year-round. There are two seasons in Guinea-Bissau: a wet season and a dry season. It is a very wet country, and the monsoon season lasts from June to November.

Key People

Amílcar Cabral


Yannick Djaló


Suzi Barbosa


Armindo Tué Na Bangn

  • Cuisine

    Guinea-Bissau cuisine is a mixture of African and Portuguese flavors. Some staple ingredients include rice, cassava, yams, and maize. Along the coast, seafood is a staple part of the cuisine. Cashews, coconuts, and brazil nuts are grown for export in Guinea-Bissau. Caldo stews are very popular in Ginnea-Bissau, including Caldo Mancarra, which is a chicken and peanut stew.

  • Sports

    Like many other African nations, football is the most popular sport in Guinea-Bissau. Football was introduced to Guinea-Bissau by Portuguese settlers in the 1400s. The Football Federation of Guinea-Bissau administers the national football team and the national football league. Track and Field is also a popular sport in Guinea-Bissau.

  • Culture

    The culture of Guinea-Bissau is a combination of traditional West African customs and Portuguese influence. Guinea-Bissau is very diverse, and the population includes many different ethnic groups. Balanta, Fula, Manjaca, Mandinga, and Papel are the predominant ethnic groups. In Guinea-Bissau, many people are either animists or Muslims. Music and dance are essential parts of the culture in Guinea-Bissau. The most common musical instrument is the calabash, and Gumbe is the most popular musical style.

10 facts about Guinea-Bissau

1. There are no railways in Guinea-Bissau.
2. Guinea-Bissau has a coastline length of 320 km (199 mi).
3. The national bird of Guinea-Bissau is the black-crowned crane.
4. A person from Guinea-Bissau is called a Bissau-Guinean.
5. Guinea-Bissau is one of the poorest countries in the world.
6. The currency of Guinea-Bissau is the West African CFA franc.
7. The average life expectancy in Guinea-Bissau is 60 years.
8. There are four countries with the word Guinea in their name.
9. Guinea-Bissau does not have any World Heritage Sites.
10.Agriculture is the primary industry in Guinea-Bissau

Q&A Corner

1. What is the most popular sport in Guinea-Bissau? +
2. What is the tallest mountain in Guinea-Bissau? +
3. What is the capital city of Guinea-Bissau? +
4. When did Portuguese explorers arrive in Guinea-Bissau? +
5. What is the longest river in Guinea-Bissau? +
6. What is the population of Guinea-Bissau (as of 2022)? +
7. Name a key/famous Bissau-Guinean? +
8. What two countries border Guinea-Bissau? +
9. What type of climate does Guinea-Bissau have? +
10. When did Guinea-Bissau gain independence from Portugal? +