Brief History

Kuwait, a small but strategically located country in the Arabian Peninsula, has a rich and diverse history that spans several millennia. The earliest evidence of human habitation in the region dates back to prehistoric times, with nomadic tribes and early settlements. In the 17th century, Kuwait emerged as a prominent trading hub due to its advantageous location along key trade routes. The ruling Al-Sabah family established its dominance over the area in the late 18th century and has since maintained its rule. The discovery of oil in the early 20th century transformed Kuwait into one of the world’s wealthiest nations, leading to rapid modernization and development. However, the country faced significant challenges during the Iraqi invasion of 1990, which resulted in a seven-month occupation before being retaken by an international coalition. Since then, Kuwait has worked towards diversifying its economy and strengthening its democratic institutions, becoming a stable and prosperous nation with a focus on education, healthcare, and infrastructure development.

National Flag

The flag of Kuwait was adopted officially in 1961. Each color has a symbolic meaning. Red symbolizes the Hashemite dynasty and the blood on the swords of Arab warriors. White symbolizes the Umayyad dynasty, purity and noble deeds. Green symbolizes the Fatimid dynasty or Rashidun Caliphate and the fertile land of Arabia. Black symbolizes the Abbasid dynasty, representing the defeat of enemies in battle.


One of the smallest countries in the world, Kuwait sits at the north-eastern corner of the Arabian peninsula, bordering the Persian Gulf. Kuwait City is located on Kuwait Bay, a natural harbor that has been a historically important shipping location.

World Land Mass Ranking: 157th

Highest Mountain: Mutla Ridge 142m (466 ft)

Longest River: None

Main Languages


Kuwait Population: 4,294,621 (as of 2022)

Capital City: Kuwait City

Capital City Population: 3,000,000 (as of 2021)


Despite its desert location, the climate of Kuwait can become cold and damp due to its proximity to the Persian Gulf. The summer months are hot and dry, with strong sandstorms common in June and July.

Key People

Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah

Fathi Kameel

Ema Shah

Nabil Al Awadi

  • Cuisine

    Kuwaiti cuisine reflects a rich blend of flavors and influences from various cultures, including Arabic, Persian, Indian, and Mediterranean. Traditional Kuwaiti dishes often revolve around rice, meat (such as lamb, chicken, and fish), and an array of aromatic spices like saffron, cardamom, and cinnamon. One of the most iconic Kuwaiti dishes is “Machboos” or “Kabsa,” a fragrant rice dish cooked with meat, vegetables, and a blend of spices. Seafood holds a special place in Kuwaiti cuisine, with dishes like “Mashuai” (roasted or grilled marinated fish) and “Ghareebah Samak” (spiced fish fritters) being popular choices. Overall, Kuwaiti cuisine showcases a delightful blend of flavors and culinary traditions, making it a treat for food enthusiasts.

  • Sports

    Kuwait has a vibrant sports culture that encompasses a variety of athletic pursuits. Football (soccer) holds a special place in Kuwaiti sports, with a passionate fan base and a competitive national league. The country has produced talented football players who have represented Kuwait in international competitions. Additionally, traditional sports like camel racing and horse racing hold cultural significance and attract enthusiastic spectators. Kuwait also excels in water sports, with activities like sailing, jet skiing, and diving being popular along its picturesque coastline. Basketball and handball are other sports that enjoy a significant following, with Kuwaiti teams participating in regional and international tournaments. The government actively supports sports development, and Kuwait has hosted various sporting events, including the Asian Games, demonstrating its commitment to fostering athleticism and promoting a healthy lifestyle.

  • Culture

    Kuwaiti culture is deeply rooted in Bedouin traditions and Islamic heritage while embracing modern influences. Hospitality is highly valued, and Kuwaitis are known for their warm and welcoming nature. Traditional attire, such as the dishdasha for men and the abaya for women, is still commonly worn, especially during formal occasions. Kuwaiti cuisine, with its diverse flavors and aromatic spices, reflects the country’s cultural fusion. The dhow, a traditional wooden sailing vessel, holds great cultural significance in Kuwait. Historically used for pearl diving and trade, dhows are now celebrated as symbols of Kuwait’s seafaring heritage. Kuwaiti music and dance, such as the ardha, a traditional group dance performed with swords, showcase the country’s artistic expression and cultural pride. Moreover, Kuwait places high importance on family values and customs, with extended families often living together and strong kinship bonds. Religion plays a central role in Kuwaiti society, with mosques serving as community centers and the Islamic calendar influencing various cultural events and celebrations throughout the year.

10 facts about Kuwait

1. Kuwait comes from the Arabic word for “fort”.
2. There are no natural freshwater sources in Kuwait.
3. Nearly 43% of the population of Kuwait is overweight.
4. Camel racing is legal in Kuwait.
5. The arfaj is Kuwait’s official flower.
6. The falcon is the national bird of Kuwait.
7. Kuwaitis use their right hand to eat.
8. Kuwait is the first gulf country to have a constitution.
9. 70% of Kuwait’s population are foreigners.
10.There are no railways in Kuwait.

Q&A Corner

1. What is the national bird of Kuwait? +
2. What happened in Kuwait during the 1990s? +
3. Name a sport popular in Kuwait? +
4. What percent of Kuwait’s population are foreigners? +
5. What is the official language of Kuwait? +
6. What is the climate like in Kuwait? +
7. What is a dhow? +
8. What is ardha? +
9. What is machboos? +
10. What is the capital city of Kuwait? +