Personal Autonomy and Individual Rights in Andorra

Andorra is a parliamentary democracy and like any vibrant democracy any type of curtailment of personal autonomy and individual rights are out of question here. Individual rights and personal autonomy are respected in general.

Do citizens enjoy freedom of movement, including the choice to change their place of residence, employment, or education?

There are no undue restrictions on freedom of movement, and people have the liberty to change their place of residence, work, and education. The government most expectedly imposed temporary restrictions on travel and internal movement during 2020 in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Do individuals face any undue interference from state or nonstate actors while exercising the right to own property or establishing private businesses?       

The legal and regulatory framework is quite supportive of entrepreneurship and property rights, and there are negligible undue hindrances to private business activity in practice.

Do individuals have personal social freedoms, including choice of spouse and size of family, control over appearance, and protection from domestic violence?

Personal social freedoms are respected in general, though there have been restrictions for same-sex couples, who were allowed to form civil unions but prohibited from marrying till 17th February 2023. Same-sex marriage became legal in Andorra on 17th February 2023. This gave same-sex couples access to some benefits and rights of marriage. Domestic violence is proscribed by law and punishable with prison punishments; the government fervently pursues domestic violence cases and provides means for victims. Yet, such violence remains a serious problem, and at times involves violence against children. In its first report appraising the implementation by Andorra of Istanbul Convention (the Council of Europe Convention on Preventing and Combating Violence against Women and Domestic Violence), the Group of Experts (GREVIO) acknowledged significant progress in the legislative domain and other areas but at the same time identified quite a few shortcomings, especially in data collection, criminal law and support services for sexual violence victims.

Andorra remains one of the very few countries in Europe where abortion is completely forbidden, with penalties for both patients and doctors who are involved in the procedure. Abortion is quite accessible in neighboring France and Spain, though this alternative can be expensive for Andorrans.

Do citizens enjoy equality of opportunity and protection against economic exploitation?

Andorran laws offer protections for most workers, including migrant workers. But, temporary workers must exit the country when their employment contract terminates, exposing those with expired contracts to possible abuse by employers. The Labor Inspections Office is very proactive in addressing violations of workers’ rights.

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